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Coffee berry borers are notorious for destroying coffee crops, and new research shows how they do it
Coffee berry borers use their gut bacteria to store caffeine from coffee crops.
Think you love coffee? These beetles can take in the equivalent of a 150-pound person drinking 500 espresso shots.
The coffee berry borer has long been known to harm coffee berries, and can even destroy up to 80 percent of crop yield. New research by Nature Communications shows that these beetles have gut bacteria that helps them withstand the effects of caffeine.
Caffeine is known to be toxic to insects, but the coffee berry borer uses it as a source of carbon and nitrogen. Researchers from the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and the U.S. Department of Agriculture took a look at the beetle’s gut and found that when they gave them antibiotics, the beetles lost their ability to break down caffeine.
When researchers added the naturally occuring bacteria, called Pseudomonas fulva, back into the beetles, they found no trace of caffeine in their guts. The antibiotics could very well be the answer to save the world’s coffee supply from these beetles.
The coffee berry borer is mostly found in coffee-producing regions, such as Kenya, Indonesia, India, Puerto Rico, Hawaii, Guatemala, and Mexico.
Coffee Vs Energy Drinks: Why Coffee Gives You A Better Boost
Is it hard for you to get going in the morning? Do you often feel tired and run down? Is focusing on your work a struggle? If you&rsquove answered yes to any or all of these questions, then don&rsquot worry, as the majority of people also suffer from these issues.
Many people turn to energy drinks such as Monster and Red Bull. However, in this article, I want to share with you a superior alternative&mdashcoffee. As I&rsquoll show you, when you choose the right coffee and drink it at the right time, it can become the best energy booster for your mind and body.
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Two weeks ago, Issa received a letter from Australia Post stating the company had made "the difficult decision" to cease transportation of perishable food items across all its StarTrack services, including Road Express, Premium, Next Flight and Courier.
Australia Post will also no longer accept perishable food items for delivery, the letter stated, defining perishable items to include any product requiring temperature control during transportation, such as meat, fish, poultry, eggs, dairy products, fruit and vegetables, and frozen meals.
In a statement provided to The Sydney Morning Herald and The Age, Australia Post said the reason for the abrupt halt was "due to the complex food safety requirements differing across states and territories.
"Australia Post will discontinue the carriage of certain foods destined for consumption across the delivery network from June 30, 2021 for a small number of customers.
Ceridwen Brown packs cheese for delivery via Australia Post at Milawa in regional Victoria. Photo: Jason Robins
Australia Post will continue to work closely with customers to determine alternate products and suppliers, a spokesperson for the company said.
Milawa Cheese Company chief executive Ceridwen Brown has not been contacted directly by Australia Post and heard about the decision from fellow Victorian cheesemakers.
"If they're going to withdraw the service, we need to know the timeline," says Brown. "Finding another [delivery] partner will take time, and we need to build our online sales volume so that it's commercially viable."
Issa feels the decision was made hastily and without consultation. "We had been working with Australia Post for almost a decade," he says. "Because of COVID, we had upped our deliveries to almost 400 packages a week, with no quality issues. Now we have to pivot again."
The edict will have a big effect on farmers and producers in rural areas where alternative couriers are costly or non-existent.
In far north Queensland, organic grower Mark Toohey sends small packages of avocados and bananas to 1700 homes around Australia. He says Australia Post's perishable food delivery ban will mean his business is "decimated".
Farming lobby group AgForce Queensland is now urging its members to sign an online petition for the government postman to review its decision.
At Nhill, near Victoria's border with South Australia, farmer Matthew Koop pioneered the propagation, harvest and marketing of native foods such as quandong, muntries (kunzea berries) and bush limes. He has been delivering with Australia Post for two decades.
"While I use refrigerated trucks for larger deliveries I use Express Post to supply top restaurants," says Koop. "Chefs drive food trends in Australia. Without access to them, innovative farmers will lose a very important marketing tool.
"There are so many barriers to entry for experimental and innovative food growers. This decision will create a new barrier at a time when we need more support."
Australia Post's decision will also affect its own Farmhouse Direct online store which solicits producers to list their cheese, herbs, baked goods and other foods on a virtual marketplace for direct-to-consumer delivery.
"The Farmhouse Direct website Australia Post operates will continue, however some producers selling through that website may be impacted by this change," said a spokesperson for the company.
Tasmanian cheesemakers, chocolatiers and truffle growers will also be heavily affected, having used Australia Post for decades to grow their businesses and reach mainland consumers.
"This is quite dramatic for us," says award-winning cheesemaker Nick Haddow from Bruny Island Cheese Company. "Sixty per cent of our sales will be affected. Over the years, working with Australia Post, our company has grown and expanded.
"From what I gather, this is a legal response to Australia Post exploring the possibilities of creating a cold chain delivery network only to find their existing delivery system may not comply with various state and territory food safety regulations.
"They have handled and communicated it really badly. But it was not malicious, and from conversations I have had with them, they are now working to find a way through it."
Milawa Cheese's Ceridwen Brown says it has been exciting to send more cheese through the post so that it can get to people when it's ripe and ready to eat.
"It translates to a better eating experience," she says. But finding a new distributor at short notice is a lot of pressure for Brown and her team. "After 2020, this is the last thing we need."
What are your goals? Do you plan on controlling your appetite better in order to reduce your weight? Or are you tired of eating so much?
Regardless of your reasons for taking the appetite suppressant supplements, it can be hard to know which appetite suppressant is right for you. But we have the solution.
Your best bet is to look up the appetite suppressants on our list in detail for yourself. Take note of the ingredients and see if they interact with anything you might already be taking. You should schedule an appointment with your doctor to discuss any possible interactions.
Bring in your phone or a printout of the ingredients to show your physician. After all, these ingredients are natural, but they might cause you to experience an allergic reaction, or they could render another medication you are using ineffective.
Many manufacturers of supplements and over-the-counter medicines will include information about who should be taking these suppressants and who shouldn’t. For example, warnings are almost always given to women who are breastfeeding or pregnant. But don’t take these as the end-all, be-all- you need to talk with your doctor first and foremost.
Once your doctor indicates that it’s OK to use, take the appetite suppressants exactly as directed on the package. Taking more won’t produce better results or faster outcomes. Just follow the directions, get regular physical activity and follow a healthy diet. This is how you get the results you want.
You may wish to start small with the doses as well- for instance you might want to take one capsule instead of two to see how your body reacts. This is OK- see how you feel after just one capsule. If you think it’s working, you could stick with that and reach your goals.
You should also consider why you are using these suppressants. The goal is to look better for most people, curb snacking, and lose a few pounds in the process. This is OK, but it brings up another reason why talking to your doctor is so important. He or she might diagnose you with a condition that requires a prescription-grade suppressant.
Most folks do not require an appetite suppressant for medical reasons, but conditions that require their use do exist. As a result, it’s important to talk to your doctor in case you need treatment for such conditions, although they are rare.
How to Make All Your Favorite Starbucks Drinks at Home
Copycat recipes are beloved for many reasons, including saving you a few bucks. These Starbucks copycat recipes are no exception, and are just what you need right now (even if you’re not on lockdown any longer, you’re probably not going out for coffee like you used to).
I’ll admit it: I love Starbucks, but I’m ballin’ on a budget, so I don’t always have Starbucks money. Feel me? You may not want to admit it, but you probably feel me. It happens to the best of us. But I have a solution. I’m here to help you become your own barista, and pretty soon you’ll be able to make some of the most classic Starbucks drinks—hot OR iced—from the comfort of your own home!
And if you buy all the ingredients up front, you’ll probably save money on coffee in the long run, which is a huge plus.
Coronavirus caveat: If you don’t already have some of the special syrups mentioned below at home, expect shipping delays when you order online—or DIY those too. Try this vanilla syrup recipe (don’t stress if you only have extract, but add a little extra), and this homemade caramel syrup recipe, and you’ll be all set.
Pumpkin Spice Latte
The fall-time favorite that I admittedly have still never tried(!) has quickly become synonymous with the Starbucks name, so I’d be certifiably insane to not teach you how to make it at home. That way, you could start every day with a PSL. As a bonus, Chowhound’s DIY Homemade Pumpkin Spice Latte recipe has way less sugar than the original and can even be made vegan if you want! You’re so welcome.
For the latte itself, you’ll want to start by heating your milk for one minute and then frothing it a bit if you don’t have a handheld frother, never fear. Here’s how to froth milk without an espresso machine (or an electric frother, for that matter). For the full PSL effect, be sure to top with whipped cream and some pumpkin pie spice.
Zyliss Handheld Milk Frother, $10 from Sur La Table
Another way to whip up some foam at home.
This is the perfect drink for a hot day (or a cheat day), and it’s the drink that got me hooked on Starbucks years before I discovered my need for pure shots of bitter espresso straight into my bloodstream. And this Caramel Frappuccino recipe was actually featured on Good Morning America, so you know it’s a good copycat! You can use espresso shots or strongly brewed coffee, and any milk you like. You’ll also need both caramel sauce and caramel syrup, but the xanthan gum is optional (it’s there to thicken things up for the ideal frappe kind of texture, but adding more ice works just as well).
Torani Syrup Variety Pack, 4 for $30.30 from Amazon
Caramel, vanilla, French vanilla, and hazelnut syrups for recreating all your faves.
Because you’re the barista, feel free to get even more generous with the caramel. For authenticity, top it off with some whipped cream and a little caramel sauce drizzle.
Cold Brew with Salted Cream Cold Foam
A more restrained but equally refreshing option that still satisfies the craving for a little something sweet (and salty), this simple cold brew with creamy, salted sweet foam is perfect. This copycat salted cream cold foam cold brew recipe promises everything you love about the drink, except the instant gratification part, since you’ll need to steep your cold brew for about 18 hours.
White Chocolate Mocha
This is actually one of Starbucks’ most popular drinks. It’s my go-to when I’m craving something very sweet, and it’s the everyday order of none other than Kim Kardashian West. Celebrities, they’re just like us. Now, this White Chocolate Mocha recipe calls for about 3 tablespoons of white chocolate chips rather than syrup, but if you like it much sweeter, just add more chocolate! Make sure to whisk often when heating your coffee, milk, and chocolate, and don’t skip the whipped cream and chocolate shavings on top.
Hot or iced, the Starbucks vanilla latte is my thing. It’s so simple, yet so delicious. It’s even perfect with any kind of milk—regular, soy, coconut, you name it! And this one is so easy, you don’t even need a recipe. Froth your favorite milk with a whisk or blender, add your preferred espresso or strong coffee, and pick up some vanilla syrup from your local grocery store. When summer comes around again, I strongly suggest making this over some ice.
Iced Caramel Macchiato
Perhaps the most Instagram-worthy drink on this list, the iced caramel macchiato looks difficult because the espresso is so beautifully layered on the milk, but I promise it’s super simple, thanks to this Iced Caramel Macchiato recipe.
You’ll need to get vanilla syrup and caramel syrup too (if you want things sweeter), plus some some caramel sauce for the bottom of your cup (OK, and the top). When pouring in your espresso, go slowly and the coffee will layer naturally on top of the milk. I know a lot of people choose to mix that until they blend, but I actually enjoy it separated.
Passion Tea Lemonade
In what is perhaps the most basic thing in the world, I stop in a Starbucks drive through once a week every summer on the way to beach volleyball for one of these things. The passion tea lemonade is as addicting as it is delicious, and I think it’s just as good unsweetened.
For this Copycat Starbucks Passion Tea Lemonade recipe, you’ll need the straight up passion tea that Starbucks makes. But good news, they sell it in stores and in bulk online! You’ll need to boil water and steep the tea first and foremost, because tea just doesn’t dissolve to its fullest in cold water. You’ll also need to add the sugar in now (if you so choose) for the same reason it’ll dissolve much better in hot tea. When you’ve boiled water and you’re satisfied with your tea, refrigerate it for a little while. When it’s ready, fill your cup with ice. The recommended ratio for the passion tea lemonade is one part tea, two parts lemonade. That way it’ll be naturally sweet.
How to Solve an Existing Problem
What if you already have clothes or carpet pests? Here are some tips for identifying the bugs you are dealing with, getting rid of them, and then salvaging your woolen items. You won&apost likely see clothes moths, but if you find holes, you know you have a problem. With moth larvae, you may find silky webbing or cigar-like cocoons. Beetle larvae leave dried skins-like tiny rice grains.
To get rid of an infestation, start by removingਊnd treating all infested material. You might throw away the most damaged clothing. Dry-clean or launder items you keep freezing also eradicates pests: Put items in sealed plastic bags, squeeze out air and freeze for a few days. Take the bags out, let them return to room temperature, and then repeat. In the case of condensation, let clothes air out before storing again.
For a severe infestation, call a professional to help you treat your carpets. If it&apossਊ minor problem, buy a spray made for these pests and spot test to make sure it doesn&apost affect the carpet color. Apply, following label instructions, anywhere you find traces of larvae or don&apost often clean-such as behind bookcases and along baseboards. Treat both sides of the carpet (if not fastened down) and the rug pad. Make sure that the entire house is cleaned thoroughly before replacing treated items. If furniture is infested, you might need to call an exterminator. For a DIY route, try pheromone-laced cardboard traps to check if moths remain. (These shouldn&apost be your main defense, however, and won&apost trap beetles.)
As for the items that were under attack, consider whether or not they can be mended. You may be able to repair blankets or other large-thread items yourself, using matching yarn. Finely woven items and heirlooms should be taken to a company that specializes in reweaving.
5. Peanut Butter
A spoonful of this calorie-dense nutty spread goes a long way in providing delicious power jolts. Peanut butter is a superfood because it&rsquos loaded with healthy fats, protein, and fiber that keep hunger at bay and maintain stable blood sugar levels.
Still not convinced? We&rsquove got more:
Peanut butter is also a carbohydrate, and, as we all know, carbs are easily converted into quick energy! 
So next time you are about to hit the gym, allow yourself a spoon of this nutty treat and see the difference in performance.
A Fire at Baltimore's Domino Sugar Refinery Left the Aroma of Crème Brûlée in the Air
Thankfully no injuries were reported in the three-alarm blaze.
A large three-alarm fire broke out at the Domino Sugar refinery in Baltimore, Maryland, yesterday afternoon, sending billows of dark smoke over the nearby harbor and, as an odd side effect, reportedly leaving a strong scent of crème brûlພ in the air.
American Sugar Refining Inc.—the parent company behind the Domino brand—released a statement saying that the fire was first reported around 3 p.m., and though the cause is under investigation, the flames started in the raw sugar shed where delivered sugar is stored awaiting refinement. "It&aposs crazy," Pierre Aguilar, a Dominio Sugar factory worker, told Baltimore&aposs WJZ News. "In the shed, it&aposs all raw sugar. Whatever comes off the ship goes into that shed."
Thankfully, the refinery was evacuated and no injuries were reported. However, the shed partially collapsed and the fire was able to spread into the refinery as the Baltimore City Fire Department battled the blaze for hours, even bringing in the department&aposs fire boat for additional help. "We had people calling in to say they could see smoke from miles and miles away," Blair Adams, a Baltimore City Fire Department spokesperson, was quoted as saying. "The fire that was started, or originated in and around the silo, managed to make its way to the conveyer belt and traveled just a short distance up the conveyor belt."
Interestingly enough, The Baltimore Sun points out that this is far from first problem the 99-year-old refinery has dealt with: Back in 2007, part of the structure exploded, causing a fiery mess that completely destroyed the Domino&aposs powdered sugar mill and shuttered the refinery for a week. That incident reportedly resulted in minor injuries to three employees and earned Domino a whopping $4,000 fine.
The Sun—which broke the news on the crème brûlພ aromas𠅊lso reported that the fire department doesn&apost believe there will be any lasting air quality issues from the blaze. However, how all of this may affect our Domino Sugar supplies is yet to be seen.
Structural Fumigation For Powder Post Beetles
Fumigation of homes and infested furniture and other wood products will kill powderpost beetles. It &rsquos important to note that fumigating an entire building can become quite expensive, costing thousands of dollars. The benefit of fumigation with fumigants such as "Vikane" are that the adult beetle and mature larvae forms of infestation can be totally eliminated with one treatment. However, be forwarned that the powderpost beetle eggs are not easily killed. This is because the powderpost beetle egg has a watery covering. Vikane does not penetrate water very well. With the use of "Vikane", (the only currently available structural fumigant), the requirement is that 10 times the amount of Vikane gas has to be used to kill the eggs as it does to kill the adults and the mature larvae. This is called a "10X" rate of gas in the fumigation industry. To use 10 times the amount of gas to kill the eggs as it takes to kill the adults is very expensive and not always successful. For this reason, if you decide to use a structural fumigation company, be sure that they have a rock solid reputation and will guarantee to "re-fumigate" if necessary at no additional charge.
In the Los Angeles, California area call, Call Global Termite Solutions at 1-800-253-8870 or visit their website at www.globaltermitesolutions.com.
Pickled in Vinegar
One final way to store all your garlic is to pickle it. Pickling mellows garlic out, making whole cloves mild enough to be tossed raw into salads or served as nibbles along with olives and such. And if you've ever tried pickling vegetables before, the process is exactly the same.
An easier way is to make refrigerator pickles , which involves nothing more than tossing your peeled garlic cloves into a jar with some salt and vinegar and leaving that in the back of your refrigerator until you run out they'll keep indefinitely.